CARE undertakes rating exercise based on information provided by the company, in-house
database and data from other sources that CARE considers reliable.
+ Debt Ratings
+ Bank Loan
+ Issuer Ratings +
Corporate Governance Rating
+ Recovery Rating
Financial Sector Ratings
CARE’s ratings factor in the array of risks that have an effect on the Financial
Sector company viz business risks, legal risk, financial risks and management risks.
+ Credit Quality Rating
+ Capital Protection Oriented Scheme Ratings
+ Insurance + NBFCs
+ Housing Finance
Public Finance Ratings
CARE has comprehensive framework for the assessment of the credit quality of states
and local bodies.
+ Urban Local Bodies
CARE’s Project Finance Ratingis an independent opinion on the risks associated with
the project on a standalone basis and after considering the sponsor’s strength.
+ Project Finance
Infrastructure Sector Ratings
CARE’s Infrastructure Sector Rating encompasses the ratings assigned to debt programmes
of issuers in the power, roads, telecommunications and other such infrastructure-related
CARE's Valuation of PPMLD structures are opinions on the valuation of a given instrument based on CARE's analysis of the structure and the impact of underlying market variables affecting the structure on the given valuation date.
CARE’s SME Vertical
Value-added services for SMEs
+ Wide product offerings
+ Database of more than 6,000 SME entities
+ Quarterly publications for analytical inputs
+ Daily publication on news in SME sector
+ Operating from ten branches across India
+ MoU with leading banks for interest & rating fee concession
+ A team of qualified analyst
+ Click here to view Services in MSME Segment
Indian SMEs face growth constraints due to lack of adequate& timely finance and difficulty to establish credible relations with its stakeholders.
CARE’s SME vertical with its sound data base and analytical abilities offers the various products in this segment to bridge this gap.
+ NSIC-CARE Performance & Credit
Rating for MSEs + SME Ratings
+ SME Fundamental Grading
+ Bank Loan Ratings
+ Due Diligence Service
+ Channel Partner
EQUIGRADE is a flagship product under equity research and grading services offered
+ Read More
Real Estate Star Rating
CARE undertakes the Real Estate Star Rating exercise by implementing its plethora
of analytical expertise.
CARE EDU GRADE is a grading product for Educational Institutes.
CARE’s IPO grading is a service aimed at facilitating the assessment of equity issues
offered to public.
ITI Grading is a grading product for Industrial Training Institutes.
+ Read More
CARE's MFI grading is a one-time assessment of a Micro Finance Institution's (MFI)
operational and financial capability…
CARE’s Rating of REIT fund is an opinion on the REIT’s investment quality, based on the fundamental assessment of the REIT.…
CARE has been empanelled by MNRE for carrying out the Accreditation/Grading exercise
for Renewable Energy Service Companies (RESCOs)…
The ESCOs specializes in energy audits and implement energy efficiency practices
in a particular organization…
+ Shipyard Grading
+ Construction Grading
+ Maritime Grading
Rating Symbols & Definition
+ Bank Loan Ratings
+ Corporate Governance Rating
+ Construction Grading
+ Corporate Governance Rating
Rating/Statistics – Regulatory Disclosure
+ Credit Rating History and Default
+ Structured Finance Product
+ Outstanding Rating
+ Brief Rationale
+ Complexity Level of Rated Instruments
+ FAQs on
+ Fee Structure
The Economics Department is known for its regular and almost real-time domestic
and global economy-related updates, opinions as well as analytical Studies and Surveys.
Analyses of developments in areas such as GDP, industrial growth, inflation, agricultural
growth, trade etc.
The reports in this section assess the impact of various policy measures by different
countries on India’s economy and so on.
Surveys that capture expectations of the key players in the industry; from various
fields like banking, automobile, entertainment, etc., on various economic developments.
In-depth analytical Studies to ascertain trends in various facets of the economy.
Debt Market Update
A free monthly bulletin about the happenings in the debt market.
+ Audited Financial Results
+ Unaudited Financial Results
+ Annual Reports
+ BSE Stock Watch + NSE Market Tracker
+ Registrar and Share Transfer
The rating process takes about two to three weeks, depending on the complexity of
the assignment and the flow of information from the client. Ratings are assigned
by the Rating Committee.
CARE undertakes a rating exercise based on information provided by the company,
in-house databases and data from other sources that CARE considers reliable. CARE
does not undertake unsolicited ratings.
Rating fees are computed separately on each instrument issued. Issuers are liable
to pay rating fees, regardless of whether they accept CARE's rating or not. Full
rating fee is to be paid up front.
Why CARE Ratings? Why is credit rating necessary at all? Why do rating agencies
use symbols like AAA, AA, rather than give marks or descriptive credit opinion?
+ View More
The ongoing liberalisation process has made private investment in the power sector attractive and such investment is expected to go up substantially in the near future. Power projects are capital intensive and for funding them, recourse to publicly issued debt would be necessary. CARE has developed a rating methodology for debt issues of Power Producers (PPs). The rating procedure is designed to facilitate appropriate credit risk assessment, keeping in view the characteristics of the Indian power sector.
CARE’s rating looks at a time horizon over the life of the debt instrument being rated and covers the following areas while rating PPs.
Overview of the project
CARE examines the broad parameters of the project based on the detailed project report submitted by the client. The major areas covered are:
Evaluation of Power Purchase Agreement
Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) is a crucial document outlining the rights and responsibilities of the power producer and evaluation of the same forms a critical part of the rating exercise. CARE looks at the minimum off-take of power committed by the purchaser and the incentives and penalties based on the cut-off Plant Road Factor (PLF) to be achieved. The demand-supply situation in the area to be serviced is assessed. CARE also evaluates the terms and conditions to be met before commissioning of the project, clearances and agreements with different agencies and consequences of non-fulfillment of stipulated conditions. The funding pattern, construction schedule, penalties for late completion, achievement of projected capacity and the role of the operating company with regard to plant operation and fuel arrangements are studied. The tariff rates are critically analysed to determine their adequacy to ensure the profitability and debt servicing capability of the PP at the minimum performance level and at higher levels of performance.
Capital Structure of Power Project
The ability to meet debt service obligations in time depends critically on the financing plan of the project. CARE studies the technical aspects of the project, financial structure, the funding profile in terms of maturity, proportion of foreign currency loans & rupee loans and the hedging strategies to be used for covering exchange risk. Any covenants in the debt documents or PPA, which can impair debt servicing capability, are also evaluated critically.
CARE evaluates the management from different perspectives like financial capabilities, experience in the industry, track record in implementing and operating large projects and availability of technical manpower.
Project Implementation Risk
Project implementation risks assume significance in a power project due to the long gestation period and large investments involved in such projects. CARE analyses the following factors in this regard:
During project implementation, CARE would monitor the progress vis-a-vis the initial cost and time estimates to determine the effect of variations from schedule on the ability to meet debt servicing obligations.
6. Credit Assessment of Power Purchaser
Revenue generation for a PP depends on the financial strength of the buyer(s) of power and often determines the maximum rating a PP can obtain. The assessment of the power purchaser is, therefore, an integral part of the rating of a PP. Various credit support mechanisms such as revolving letters of credit, escrow accounts, dedicated revenue allocations, guarantees and counter-guarantees would normally improve the quality of the issue and its rating.
7. Operating Risk
Operating risk covers the ability of the project to achieve the performance as envisaged. The following factors are considered in this regard:
8. Financial Analysis of Projected Operations
An in-depth analysis of the projected operations is undertaken to get a clear insights on the PP’s ability to service debt. The analysis would involve critical examination of the underlying assumptions, location of possible stress points and the extent of flexibility available to tide over difficulties. The financial analysis takes into account the following factors:
The rating outcome is ultimately an assessment of the fundamentals and the probabilities of change in the fundamentals. CARE analyses each of the above factors and their linkages to arrive at the overall assessment of credit quality, by taking into account the industry’s cyclicality.While the methodology encompasses comprehensive technical, financial, commercial, economic and management analysis, credit rating is an overall assessment of all aspects of the issuer.
CARE’s ratings are opinions on credit quality and are not recommendations to sanction, renew, disburse or recall the concerned bank facilities or to buy, sell or hold any security. CARE has based its ratings on information obtained from sources believed by it to be accurate and reliable. CARE does not, however, guarantee the accuracy, adequacy or completeness of any information and is not responsible for any errors or omissions or for the results obtained from the use of such information. Most entities whose bank facilities/instruments are rated by CARE have paid a credit rating fee, based on the amount and type of bank facilities/instruments.
The rating process takes about two to three weeks, depending on the complexity of the assignment and the flow of information from the client. Ratings are assigned by the Rating Committee.
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